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Milestone No. M.1.1
Definition of: global technical requirements and operational specifications,

Milestone No. M.2.1
Preliminary numerical design of icephobic coatings
Milestone No. M.2.2
Optimization for a durable icephobic coating
Milestone No. M.2.3
DFT model for MD interatomic potential evaluation and macro and global- scales calculations

Milestone No. M.3.1
Comprehensive understanding of the surface icephobicity issues, identification of promising techniques, coatings, and surface features
Milestone No. M.3.2
Optimized process, scale up and technology demonstration

Milestone No. M.4.1
Selection of most promising coatings/modified surfaces for full-size icing wind tunnel and flight tests

Milestone No. M.5.1
Fabrication of selected full-size coated/modified component elements

Milestone No. M.6.1
Participation in an aeronautical trade- fair
  • What Phobic2ICE project is about?

    PHOBIC2ICE research project: An international research consortium is formed to respond to a challenging issue of ice formation on aircraft surface. Nine partners located in Europe and Canada are committed to the Project: Technology Partners (European Co-ordinator, Poland), National Institute for Aerospace Technology (Spain), Spanish National Research Council, Airbus Group Innovations (Germany), Concordia University Montreal (Canadian Co-ordinator, Canada), Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal (Canada), Pratt & Whitney (Canada), Plasmionique (Canada), Dema Aeronautics (Canada).

    The project is officially launched on 25th February 2016.

    Background: The accretion of ice represents a severe problem for aircraft, as the presence of even a scarcely visible layer can severely limit the function of wings, propellers, windshields, antennas, vents, intakes and cowlings.

    The collaborative coordinated research was born after an extensive dialogue between Canadian and European experts. The idea of a close cooperation in order to leverage resources, mitigate risks and establish long term relationships between the aeronautics sectors, will benefit all parties involved as well as the civil society.

    The activities are mutually funded by the Canadian Aerospace Research and Innovation Consortium (CARIC) and by Horizont 2020.

    Objectives: The PHOBIC2ICE Project aims at developing technologies and predictive simulation tools for avoiding or mitigating the accretion of ice on airframe.

    • Surface treatments and/or coatings with icephobic and superhydrophobic properties to avoid ice accretion on a number of specific aircraft components. The technical approach will be based on fabrication different types of coatings and/or laser treated and anodized surfaces.
    • Tools to simulate ice accretion on different types of surfaces with and without surface treatments and/or coatings. Simulations and modeling will deal with the scale ranging from the nano-scale to the macro-scale.
    • A testing protocol capable of assessing the performance of the treated and/or coated components under real operating conditions. Implementation of the working sensors system in new wind tunnel geometries and adapting it to new scaled wing profiles.
    • Testing of representative prototypes for proof-of-concept of the materials developed. Taking advantage of the wind tunnel and flight tests, performance of the selected coatings/treated surfaces will be investigated.
    • Green, efficient manufacturing processes for said surface treatments and/or coatings specifically taking into consideration regulations concerned to content of volatile organic compounds (VOC).
    • Improvement of the durability of fabricated coatings/ treated process, which in turn reduces maintenance time and related surface energy and high erosion and corrosion resistance.

    Positioning of the project: Some of the ideas presented are already being explored and demonstrated in the laboratory, for example optical sensors system for ice thickness measurement. The purpose of PHOBIC2ICE is to combine and test the ideas of the partners, taking the best coating system to a prototype component that demonstrates not only the concept but the feasibility of scaling up the coating application process.

    A number of ongoing or recently conducted research and innovation activities on the international stage are directly linked with the present proposal, and the outcomes of these projects inform the research objectives of PHOBIC2ICE.

    Conclusion: PHOBIC2ICE brings together material developers, ice forming testing facilities and end-users who can directly transfer and scale up the project achievements to commercial application.

    Coatings and surface treatments will be developed and lab tested. Based on knowledge acquired from the test results (failure modes) and modeling and simulations data, the coatings and/or modified structures will be optimized and again  subjected to laboratory tests to quantify the progress.

    European Co-ordinator: Technology Partners

    Canadian Co-ordinator: Concordia University

Any statement published on this site reflects only the author’s views. The European Community or CARIC or NSERC are not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.